Nordic heating and cooling

Nordic approach to EU's Heating and Cooling Strategy

image of Nordic heating and cooling

According to the EU Commission, the heating and cooling sector must sharply reduce its energy consumption and cut its use of fossil fuel in order to meet the EU's climate and energy goals. In the Nordic countries, a lot of effort has already been put to make heat production and consumption energy efficient and to decrease the emissions. To disseminate these experiences and good practices wider in Europe, and to identify further needs for co-operation, this study attempts to identify the common approaches of the Nordic countries towards the EU’s heating and cooling strategy and Winter Package regulation. This report describes the results of the work based on Pöyry’s analysis of the current heating and cooling sector practices and regulation in the Nordic countries, and interviews of the regulators and energy industry representatives from each country.



Heating sector in Norway

Electricity is the dominant source of energy for heating and hot water in the residential and services sectors, and data collection from ENOVA estimated that 85% of space heating was based on electricity in 2015, and in 2012 SSB estimated that over 90% of residential housing have access to heating from electrical ovens and heating cables. There is however no data available in Norway showing the total actual energy use for heating in the residential and service sector for all buildings, and the data from e.g. ENOVA is based on a sample of 3,415 buildings and on self-reported numbers. The data represents about 8.4 TWh of energy use in space heating.


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