Nordic heating and cooling

Nordic approach to EU's Heating and Cooling Strategy

image of Nordic heating and cooling

According to the EU Commission, the heating and cooling sector must sharply reduce its energy consumption and cut its use of fossil fuel in order to meet the EU's climate and energy goals. In the Nordic countries, a lot of effort has already been put to make heat production and consumption energy efficient and to decrease the emissions. To disseminate these experiences and good practices wider in Europe, and to identify further needs for co-operation, this study attempts to identify the common approaches of the Nordic countries towards the EU’s heating and cooling strategy and Winter Package regulation. This report describes the results of the work based on Pöyry’s analysis of the current heating and cooling sector practices and regulation in the Nordic countries, and interviews of the regulators and energy industry representatives from each country.



Heating sector in Finland

The total energy use for building heating and hot water in Finland was 83 TWh in 2015 (Figure 18) including heat and hot water used in single family houses, multi-family houses, commercial and public buildings, industrial buildings, agricultural buildings and free-time residential buildings. Single family houses accounted for 37%, multi-family houses for 25%, commercial and public buildings 19%, industrial buildings 13%, agricultural buildings 3% and free-time residential buildings 3% of the total energy for heating and hot water in the Finnish buildings in 2015 (Figure 18).


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