Nordic heating and cooling

Nordic approach to EU's Heating and Cooling Strategy

image of Nordic heating and cooling

According to the EU Commission, the heating and cooling sector must sharply reduce its energy consumption and cut its use of fossil fuel in order to meet the EU's climate and energy goals. In the Nordic countries, a lot of effort has already been put to make heat production and consumption energy efficient and to decrease the emissions. To disseminate these experiences and good practices wider in Europe, and to identify further needs for co-operation, this study attempts to identify the common approaches of the Nordic countries towards the EU’s heating and cooling strategy and Winter Package regulation. This report describes the results of the work based on Pöyry’s analysis of the current heating and cooling sector practices and regulation in the Nordic countries, and interviews of the regulators and energy industry representatives from each country.



District heating prices in the Nordic countries

District heating prices in the Nordic countries vary more within the country than between countries. In Figure 35, the district heating prices for apartment buildings in Denmark, Sweden and Finland are presented. The figures present the prices of a large number of the district heat companies, with the most expensive one on the left-hand side and lowest cost in the right-hand side. The average price in Denmark is about 80 EUR/MWh and 60 EUR/MWh in Finland, in Sweden between the two. The pricing principles and regulation in each country has been discussed in detail in the previous chapters.


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