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Nordic Fisheries in Transition

Future Challenges to Management and Recruitment

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In the last decades Nordic countries have been implementing quota markets and similar instruments to manage mainly the economic performance of their fisheries. Coming from a historical situation dominated by owner-operated fishing units closely connected to their supporting communities, market-based fisheries management plays a role in promoting company-organised fishing units, non-fisher ownership and new social relations. Introducing market-mechanisms to distribute the limited marine resources is therefore not just a change in the technical regulation. It is an active engagement in social change. The publication reviews the Nordic experiences with market-based fisheries management and discusses the implications for managers and future recruitment.

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Market-based fisheries management in Nordic fisheries

The chapter presents summaries of the Nordic experiences with market-based fisheries management country by country. In each country we examine the historical development of the fisheries sector, with a focus on the formation on market-based instruments, before turning to the current regulation and ongoing debates. In general market mechanisms have been superimposed as a distributional instrument over the technical and biological management of marine resources. Quota markets and the like are instruments mainly related to the governance of the economic behaviour in the fishing sectors, but they have wider implications. The country reports are sorted according to the chronology by which the countries have introduced variants of marketbased instruments in their fisheries management.

English

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