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Nordic Fisheries in Transition

Future Challenges to Management and Recruitment

image of Nordic Fisheries in Transition

In the last decades Nordic countries have been implementing quota markets and similar instruments to manage mainly the economic performance of their fisheries. Coming from a historical situation dominated by owner-operated fishing units closely connected to their supporting communities, market-based fisheries management plays a role in promoting company-organised fishing units, non-fisher ownership and new social relations. Introducing market-mechanisms to distribute the limited marine resources is therefore not just a change in the technical regulation. It is an active engagement in social change. The publication reviews the Nordic experiences with market-based fisheries management and discusses the implications for managers and future recruitment.

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The work-life

The chapter focuses on young fishers and explore four different ways of life that illustrate the social diversity of current Nordic fisheries. We refer to these four types as life-modes, since more than just different career choices, each of them involves a series of coherent factors ranging from quota regulation, vessel and gear to the values put in notions such as colleagues, work and holiday. In this way the four life-modes form a whole, each with different preconditions in and contributions to the surrounding society. The report argues that while some life-modes are thriving under the new conditions (especially hired and highly skilled fishers) other ways of life as independent owners are faced with increasing barriers.

English

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