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Nordic Coastal Fisheries and Communities

Status and Future Prospects

image of Nordic Coastal Fisheries and Communities

Coastal fisheries play a vital role in the marine sector of the Nordic countries and serves as a backbone of the economy of many smaller coastal communities. The coastal fleets usually have a big presence in smaller, more remote fishing villages, supplying local processing companies with raw material. The coastal sector is therefore highly important for regional development, as it represents a significant part of total landings and offers employment for a large number of fishermen, processors and other supporting industries. This report reviews the coastal sectors in seven Nordic countries, which include almost 20 thousand coastal vessels that are catching close to 900 thousand tonnes a year, valued at 1.2 billion EUR. The fleets are highly variable and the individual countries do each have their unique strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats, which are discussed in the report.

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Newfoundland & Labrador

The coastal fleet operating around Newfoundland and Labrador is variable with boats ranging from under 6 meters and up to 15–27 meter vessels. The coastal fleet is more commonly known as the inshore owner-operator fleet where the owners of each vessel operate the ship themselves with the main target catches being crab and other shellfish. The coastal fleet sells its fish to onshore processing companies, who process fish in more than 80 plants across the province. Since the 1979 Fleet Separation Policy, processing companies have been forbidden from acquiring inshore fishing licenses, thus requiring the companies to compete with each other for the catches landed by the coastal fleet.

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