Nordic Biosphere Reserves

Experiences and Co-operation

image of Nordic Biosphere Reserves

The UNESCO biosphere reserve concept is recommended as a working tool for sustainable development and the preservation of biodiversity. In this report experience of the concept from six countries in the Nordic and Baltic countries are compiled, describing various aspects of the concept when it is put into practice. The report also includes results from the NordMAB Conference in North Vidzeme Biosphere Reserve in October 2004 outlining recommendations for future cooperation.



NordMAB from an international perspective

UNESCO is the UN agency responsible for scientific co-operation. In 1968, due to the increasing global awareness of the negative impacts of human activities on the natural environment, UNESCO called a scientific conference to determine what should be done collectively by governments to address this growing issue. This “Biosphere Conference” gave rise to the launching in 1970 of the Man and the Biosphere Programme, known as MAB. It was the first governmental efforts to lay the scientific basis for improving people’s relationships with nature (UNESCO, 1970). It is now over 30 years old, has accumulated a vast experience, and has been emulated by many other programmes nationally and internationally. It is implemented in some 140 countries through action coordinated by MAB National Committees or MAB Focal Points.


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