Measuring green jobs?

An evaluation of definitions and statistics for green activities

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The report reviews the different initiatives aiming to measure aspects of “green” sectors, jobs and technologies. The report discusses whether the statistics collected under the present initiatives aimed at measuring these aspects increase insights into the fundamental questions motivating the initiatives. An alternative framework is suggested, as it appears fundamentally impossible to make consistent frameworks for a division of the economy into “green” and “non-green” activities. The analysis has been carried out during the period September 2011 – March 2012 by Vista Analysis AS, Gaia Consulting Oy and University of Aarhus. Gaia Consulting Oy is responsible for the chapters 5.2., 5.3, 6.2, 6.3 and 7.2 only. The project was commissioned by the Working Group on Environment and Economy under the Nordic Council of Ministers.



Future competence needs

Generally there has been a growth in the demand for labour with high skills and educational levels over the past decades, as a consequence of increased globalisations and technological progress, see for instance Bjørnstad et al. (2010). This trend is likely to continue, regardless of technologies in focus. A transition towards a more environmentally friendly economy might also require more specific competences. Both for students deciding on what education to choose and for authorities planning educational capacity, it is important to have a good understanding of future demand and supply of labour.


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