Measuring green jobs?

An evaluation of definitions and statistics for green activities

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The report reviews the different initiatives aiming to measure aspects of “green” sectors, jobs and technologies. The report discusses whether the statistics collected under the present initiatives aimed at measuring these aspects increase insights into the fundamental questions motivating the initiatives. An alternative framework is suggested, as it appears fundamentally impossible to make consistent frameworks for a division of the economy into “green” and “non-green” activities. The analysis has been carried out during the period September 2011 – March 2012 by Vista Analysis AS, Gaia Consulting Oy and University of Aarhus. Gaia Consulting Oy is responsible for the chapters 5.2., 5.3, 6.2, 6.3 and 7.2 only. The project was commissioned by the Working Group on Environment and Economy under the Nordic Council of Ministers.



Definitions of green sectors

This chapter presents and discusses the main initiatives made to measure the green aspects. The main initiative is the UN/Eurostat definition of the Environmental Goods and Services Sector (EGSS). The EGSS is planned to be incorporated in the UN System of Integrated Environmental-Economic Accounting (SEEA), and to become the international statistical standard from 2012 onwards. We also emphasise the US Bureau of Labor Statistics measurements of Green jobs, since this initiative is rather specific regarding the included statistics and particularly emphasizes the employment aspect. Also, we look into the joint initiative by United Nations Environment Programme, the International Labor Organization and the International Trade Union Confederation in measuring Green jobs, and the Metropolitan Policy Program measurements of the US Clean economy.


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