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Measures to Reduce Emissions of Short-Lived Climate Pollutants (SLCP) in the Nordic Countries

image of Measures to Reduce Emissions of Short-Lived Climate Pollutants (SLCP) in the Nordic Countries

In the future residential biomass combustion and transport will be important sources for emissions to air of black carbon (BC), as will agriculture and waste management for emissions of methane (CH4). Measures to abate emissions of Short-Lived Climate Pollutants (SLCP) are to varying degrees already in place in the Nordic countries. To reduce emissions beyond current emission projections, additional measures are required. Both technical measures, such as improved technologies, and non-technical measures, such as promoting behavioral changes favoring reduced emissions are discussed in this report.

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Residential biomass combustion

Residential biomass combustion contributes, and will in the future contribute a large share of Nordic BC and PM2.5 emissions according to current projections. In order to further reduce emissions, additional measures are needed. To promote reduced emissions, the measures could include: a faster replacement of old stoves and boilers for low-emitting technologies, switching to more homogenous and cleaner-burning fuels (e.g. pellets), increased heat storage capabilities, and further developing building codes that promote energy efficiency. Additionally, education to improve user practices in residential biomass burning and maintenance of equipment are essential.

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