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Measures to Reduce Emissions of Short-Lived Climate Pollutants (SLCP) in the Nordic Countries

image of Measures to Reduce Emissions of Short-Lived Climate Pollutants (SLCP) in the Nordic Countries

In the future residential biomass combustion and transport will be important sources for emissions to air of black carbon (BC), as will agriculture and waste management for emissions of methane (CH4). Measures to abate emissions of Short-Lived Climate Pollutants (SLCP) are to varying degrees already in place in the Nordic countries. To reduce emissions beyond current emission projections, additional measures are required. Both technical measures, such as improved technologies, and non-technical measures, such as promoting behavioral changes favoring reduced emissions are discussed in this report.

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Nordic SLCP emission sources

The aggregated national projections in the Nordic countries show that total Nordic emissions of PM2.5, BC and CH4 are all expected to decrease to 2030 with existing measures in place. Residential combustion is expected to remain as the most important source for PM2.5 and BC. Emissions of PM2.5 and BC from vehicles (road transport and off-road vehicles and machinery) are expected to decrease in the future, especially for BC, but will still contribute significantly to the total emissions. CH4-emissions from solid waste treatment are projected to decrease due to the ban on landfilling of organic waste, and the recovery of methane as biogas. Remaining projected emissions from waste treatment are however still significant. Emissions from agricultural sources remain high and their relative importance will increase. In Norway, fugitive emissions from fuels (oil and gas production) will increase as a source of CH4 according to the Norwegian projections.

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