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Measures to Reduce Emissions of Short-Lived Climate Pollutants (SLCP) in the Nordic Countries

image of Measures to Reduce Emissions of Short-Lived Climate Pollutants (SLCP) in the Nordic Countries

In the future residential biomass combustion and transport will be important sources for emissions to air of black carbon (BC), as will agriculture and waste management for emissions of methane (CH4). Measures to abate emissions of Short-Lived Climate Pollutants (SLCP) are to varying degrees already in place in the Nordic countries. To reduce emissions beyond current emission projections, additional measures are required. Both technical measures, such as improved technologies, and non-technical measures, such as promoting behavioral changes favoring reduced emissions are discussed in this report.

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Efficient SLCP measures — a GAINS model analysis

ECLIPSE project results applied for the Nordic countries indicate that in order to reach the emission reduction potential for black carbon, measures within the residential wood combustion sector should be prioritized — in particular, replacement of older boilers and heating stoves with new appliances, installation of ESP and high-efficiency dedusters, and switch to pellets. Measures aimed at residential combustion can reduce BC emissions in 2030 by 3.7 kt — this is about 79% of the estimated total BC emission reduction potential in the Nordic countries. Further emission reductions can be achieved by speeding up vehicle fleet renewal so that most of the diesel vehicles are EUR 6/VI.

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