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Marine Ecosystem Services

Marine ecosystem services in Nordic marine waters and the Baltic Sea - possibilities for valuation

image of Marine Ecosystem Services

Marine Ecosystem Services (MARECOS) is an interdisciplinary study that provides relevant information for national, Nordic and international ecosystem services assessments and valuation in the implementation of marine policy.

This report aims to provide suggestions on how ecosystem condition assessments, being based on the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD), and the HELCOM indicator based assessments for the Baltic Sea, could be used for the assessment of ecosystem services.

By describing the potentials of linking data and knowledge describing the status of marine ecosystems and water quality to the values of the services and goods provided, the report offers useful information for policy and decision makers in the domain of the marine and aquatic policies around the Baltic and in the Nordic countries.

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Linking selected ecosystem goods and services to descriptors and indicators of good environmental status

The focus of this chapter is to provide possible ways forward in describing the relationship between ecosystem services and descriptors and indicators used for assessing the environmental status connected to the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). The development of these linkages is needed in order to e.g. make economic assessments in relation to Programmes of Measures to achieve Good Environmental Status (GES). If it is possible to link development in descriptors and their associated indicators to ES it means that measured information that is already required according to the directives can be utilized. This provides possibilities of estimating economic benefits from measures by conceptualizing a flow of events from costs of taking measures to the resulting benefits. An example is provided how the HELCOM CORESET indicators could be used to assess the condition of the ecosystem services.

English

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