Les véritables coûts de REACH

image of Les véritables coûts de REACH

The proposed new chemicals policy of the European Community, REACH, is an important new development in environmental protection. Rather than waiting for government or independent researchers to determine that chemicals are hazardous, it will make manufacturers, importers, and professional users of chemicals responsible for the safe use. There is little doubt that REACH will give health and environmental benefits, but there has been little agreement about the resulting costs: -Will European manufacturers be crushed by the economic burden of chemicals regulation, as some industry sources have suggested? -Or, as projected in some public sector studies, will there be a minor cost impact, well within the ability of industry and worth the price? This report offers a new look at these costs. Frank Ackerman and Rachel Massey compare the current EC legislation on chemicals, the European Commission’s proposal and an alternative proposal addressing previous versions of REACH. The authors make a bottom-up calculation of the expected registration and testing costs under REACH and provide a new analysis of the indirect economic impacts. Ultimately they evaluate some prominent arguments about the costs of REACH and discuss the expected benefits. In the appendices there is the derivation of their economic impacts analysis and a critique of the best-known industry-oriented study.



Impacts de REACH sur les prix

Quels seront les impacts économiques de l’augmentation des coûts d’enregistrement et d’essai des substances chimiques de REACH et REACH Plus ? D’un côté, les prix des produits chimiques augmenteront et les ventes de produits chimiques baisseront probablement. La présente section examine les effets économiques traditionnels d’une augmentation de prix. D’un autre côté, de nombreux autres chemins d’accès ont été suggérés par lesquels REACH pourrait aussi être nuisible pour l’économie, au-delà des effets d’augmentations de prix. Nous évoquerons ces effets dans la section suivante.


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