Instruments for Waste Prevention and Promoting Material Efficiency

A Nordic Review

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Waste quantities in most EU countries are growing. To reverse this trend we need effective waste prevention policy instruments. In the new waste framework directive the EU demands member states to establish national waste prevention programmes. This project aimed at finding new policy instruments for waste prevention and material efficiency through discussions with Nordic experts. The purpose of this report is to give ideas to Nordic countries for possible policy tools to be introduced and to support the preparation of national waste prevention strategies and other environmental strategies.




Nine expert interviews were completed involving representatives of environmental administration, researchers and NGOs in Denmark, Finland and Sweden. Interviews were recorded and analysed thematically and they lasted typically from one hour to two hours. The questions were based on following themes


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