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In the light of the aurora

Optical auroral research in northernmost Europe

image of In the light of the aurora

The aurora, or northern lights, is the most variable light phenomenon in the sky and the result of physical processes taking place in near-Earth space. The colours, shapes, intensities, locations and movements of auroral forms give us information about these processes. Ground-based optical studies are superior for high-resolution measurements and to distinguish temporal and spatial effects. Arctic Europe is a most convenient place to study the aurora. Many instruments and research facilities have been placed here. The Network for Groundbased Optical Auroral Research in the Arctic Region is supported by the Nordic Council of Ministers and consists of all research institutions in northern Norway, Sweden, Finland and on theKola Peninsula active in optical auroral research. This reportintroduces optical aurora and optical research methods, research institutions and research infrastructure. It also describes the activities of the network: workshops, mobility programme and scientific results.

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Preface

The aurora, or northern lights, is the result of physical processes taking place in near-Earth space. These processes are at times quite dramatic and are caused by the interaction between the solar wind and the Earth's magnetic field. Aurora is created when charged particles from space hit the upper atmosphere. These charged particles are guided by the magnetic field of the Earth so that they usually hit the atmosphere far to the north or far to the south. Thus it is fair to say that the Arctic is a window on space. And since space is dominated by matter in the plasma state, studies of the auroral light give insight into various aspects of plasma physics.

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