Hazardous waste classification

Amendments to the European Waste Classification regulation - what do they mean and what are the consequences?

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In European legislation, waste is classified either as hazardous or non-hazardous. Hazardous waste is a waste that due to its (intrinsic) chemical or other properties poses a risk to the environment and/or human health. The legislation for waste classification was revised in 2014 in order to align it with the chemical legislation, the CLP Regulation, but some criteria and assessment procedures for the interpretation of the hazardousness were left open.

Waste classification has several implications on the waste management. This report presents challenges in the hazardous waste classification. In this report, the authors express their views on the interpretation of the waste status, especially focusing on the potentially recyclable high volume waste streams. Also recommendations for the assessement of some hazardous properties are included.




The objective of this study has been to provide guidance on the classification of specific waste streams and to evaluate methods or tools for the assessment of hazardous properties relevant for selected waste streams. The project also aims to evaluate the potential impacts on the whole waste handling chain that may be caused by the revision of the European rules of classification of waste as hazardous or non-hazardous which has actually been implemented during the period when this study was carried out.


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