Hazardous waste classification

Amendments to the European Waste Classification regulation - what do they mean and what are the consequences?

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In European legislation, waste is classified either as hazardous or non-hazardous. Hazardous waste is a waste that due to its (intrinsic) chemical or other properties poses a risk to the environment and/or human health. The legislation for waste classification was revised in 2014 in order to align it with the chemical legislation, the CLP Regulation, but some criteria and assessment procedures for the interpretation of the hazardousness were left open.

Waste classification has several implications on the waste management. This report presents challenges in the hazardous waste classification. In this report, the authors express their views on the interpretation of the waste status, especially focusing on the potentially recyclable high volume waste streams. Also recommendations for the assessement of some hazardous properties are included.




This document is the final report on the project entitled: “Amendments to the European Waste Catalogue – classification of waste as hazardous – consequences for landfilling and recycling” financed by Nordic Council of Ministers, the Nordic Waste Group (NAG Group). The project was initiated in December 2013 and was finished in March 2016. Parts of the project results were also presented at an international workshop held on 12 May 2015 at VTT, Finland with several invited key lecturers from EC consultants (France, Germany) and Austria. The workshop was well attended with 40 key stakeholders from Denmark, Finland and Sweden.


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