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Future of biodiversity in the Barents Region

image of Future of biodiversity in the Barents Region

Future solutions for Nordic plastic recycling contains suggestions on how to collect and recycle more of the generated plastic waste from households and other MSW sources in the Nordic region. The solutions suggested are focused on providing higher availability to collection systems, to focus less on packaging and more on plastic, to have flexible sorting and recycling systems,and to pave the way for a well-functioning, transparent market for recycled plastics that absorbs the collected material. More extensive Nordic cooperation, both on a basis of knowledge exchange and on a practical level, is believed to favour Nordic plastic collection and recycling.

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Policy brief

It is currently well know that the climate is changing rapidly. This may not only have large consequences for humanity, it may also affect a large number of species and ecosystems. In fact, species have already responded to recent climate change by for instance adjusting their range towards the poles and upwards in the mountains. The climate will change even more in the Barents Region (northern Norway, Sweden, Finland and Northwest Russia) in future. It is thus expected that species will go “on the move”. This will likely lead to the formation of new species communities, since species will not all move in the same direction. Species that have never co-existed may co-exist in future. This means that some species may have to face a large number of predators or competitors in future, whilst others may benefit from a larger number of prey. If we want to be able to conserve the species that are currently occurring in the Barents Region, we need to know which threats they will face in future, which new species (species currently occurring south of the Barents region) they may have to co-exist with in future, which areas will be suitable for their needs in future and if they are able to reach those areas. A project to obtain this knowledge was therefore set up at the Landscape Ecology group of the Department of Ecology and Environmental Science of Umeå University. The project was mostly conducted by Anouschka Hof, assisted by Roland Jansson, coordinated by Christer Nilsson, and funded by the Nordic Council of Ministers.

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