Fögur er hlíðin - Fair is the blooming meadow

image of Fögur er hlíðin - Fair is the blooming meadow

A study of traditional Scandinavian and Baltic rural landscapes and biotopes and their survival in modern times. The history behind the book-title “Fögur er hlíðin – Fair is the blooming meadow” extends back to the Viking hero Gunnar, who lived in southern Iceland in a beautiful flatland area under the influence of a large river, in a farm by a blooming hillside. In essence, Gunnar’s story is a description of good, well kept land and traditional farming methods. However, everything was disrupted because of a dispute between Gunnar’s wife and his friend’s wife. These strong-minded ladies had been killing each others’ slaves and Gunnar became involved and therefore he was doomed to leave his beloved country. On his way down to the ship, he looked back to his farm under the sunny hillside and proclaimed: “The hillside is so beautiful - I will not go, I will stay”. So he stayed, and was soon killed by his enemies because he was breaking the law by not leaving the country. This phrase has been used throughout the centuries to indicate love for the land, love for one’s roots, background and for the countryside in later years. But do we nowadays want to maintain or abandon our cultural heritage - the blooming meadows?




Based on the information obtained from the countries that took part in the project, it can clearly be assessed that the current number of managed traditional biotopes cannot guarantee preservation of the biodiversity and cultural value of the species of traditional biotopes. Throughout Northern Europe should be emphasized the historical, cultural and biological grounds for conservation and management of traditional landscapes, as well as the heritage values and principles linked to them.


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