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Fisheries Management and Climate Change in the Northeast Atlantic Ocean and the Baltic Sea

image of Fisheries Management and Climate Change in the Northeast Atlantic Ocean and the Baltic Sea

A conference on "Fisheries Management and Climate Change in the Northeast Atlantic Ocean and the Baltic Sea" was convened in Bergen, Norway, 17-18 April 2008. The themes covered included climate change-related physical and biological changes in the oceans and the implications for fisheries and aquaculture activities and their sustainable management. It was concluded that there is a need to design monitoring strategies to detect critical changes in species and ecosystems, implement responsive management that can adjust quickly, identify species and ecosystems that are sensitive to changes in climate, anticipate changes in distribution and prepare responses that avoid management conflicts, maintain (or rebuild) resilience of marine ecosystems and fish stocks, and understand the socio-economic consequences of climate change on fisheries. The research that is required to underpin the preceding must be interdisciplinary and ecosystem based. However, the fisheries and marine science sectors in the Nordic countries are currently underfinanced and, therefore, are unable to expand their activities to accomplish this.

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Implications of Climate Change: An economic perspective on management implications of climate change

Fishing is an economic activity based on available fish stock resources. Biological resource properties and market characteristics determine the economic performance of the fishery. An ocean ecosystem is dynamic and the state of the system hard to measure and forecast. Previous fishing activity is one of several factors determining future stock situations. The core idea of introducing fisheries management is to control fishing activity to increase the probability of achieving desirable future stock development and to promote a sustainable fishery.

English

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