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Fisheries Management and Climate Change in the Northeast Atlantic Ocean and the Baltic Sea

image of Fisheries Management and Climate Change in the Northeast Atlantic Ocean and the Baltic Sea

A conference on "Fisheries Management and Climate Change in the Northeast Atlantic Ocean and the Baltic Sea" was convened in Bergen, Norway, 17-18 April 2008. The themes covered included climate change-related physical and biological changes in the oceans and the implications for fisheries and aquaculture activities and their sustainable management. It was concluded that there is a need to design monitoring strategies to detect critical changes in species and ecosystems, implement responsive management that can adjust quickly, identify species and ecosystems that are sensitive to changes in climate, anticipate changes in distribution and prepare responses that avoid management conflicts, maintain (or rebuild) resilience of marine ecosystems and fish stocks, and understand the socio-economic consequences of climate change on fisheries. The research that is required to underpin the preceding must be interdisciplinary and ecosystem based. However, the fisheries and marine science sectors in the Nordic countries are currently underfinanced and, therefore, are unable to expand their activities to accomplish this.

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Changes in Climate, Fish Stocks and Aquaculture: The IPPC scenarios for climate change

Some highlights from the IPCC 4th assessment report (IPCC AR4) are presented, with an emphasis on robust findings and key uncertainties. Global climate models have been improved substantially since the first IPCC assessment, both in complexity, parameterisation and spatial resolution. The models are quite successful in modelling the observed climate variability of the 20th century when both natural and anthropogenic forcing are taken into account.

English

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