Equity and spectrum of mitigation commitments in the 2015 agreement

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To what extent and how can equity be operationalized in a spectrum of mitigation commitments? We approach this question through academic literature review and analysis of Parties’ submissions and statements. We argue that a potentially feasible and constructive way forward is a mutual recognition approach. This approach implies that parties should accept a set or norms, and a range of interpretations of these norms, as legitimate. Parties should also respect a principle of reciprocity, which means that any (interpretation of a) principle of fairness invoked by oneself can legitimately be invoked also by others. We apply this approach to the issue of equity indicators, and propose a non-coercive template of indicators approach, building on two critical components: transparency and open, critical review of Parties’ pledges and justifications thereof.



Analysis of Parties' views

This section draws on submissions16 under the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action (ADP), those oral statements to ADP1 and ADP2 that were provided in writing on the FCCC website, all Earth Negotiations Bulletin (ENB) newsletters from ADP sessions, observations at COP17, COP18, and COP19, and interviews with the delegations of Colombia, Ethiopia, the Maldives, New Zealand, and Vietnam. The interviews were conducted via e-mail. A quantitative component of the analysis utilizes submissions and statements only, while a qualitative discussion draws on all sources.


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