Environmental Assessment of Seafood Products through LCA

Final report of a Nordic Network project

image of Environmental Assessment of Seafood Products through LCA

A network project run has gathered researchers in the field of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and seafood to discuss and develop methodology for LCAs of seafood products. Project participants represented national projects in this field in Finland, Sweden, Denmark, Norway and Iceland. The project has resulted in exchange of research results between the national projects and has constituted a forum for discussion of methodological issues for the participants. Methodological development has taken several important steps forward through this collaboration which are reported in this report as well as benefits of this development for the Nordic seafood sector. The report starts with a brief introduction to LCA methodology, continues with short reports about important environmental questions related to fishery and reports from the different workshops. Finally, a discussion of results, conclusions and a future outlook ends the report. Hopefully this will give a good picture of the status of LCA methodology for products coming from fishery and aquaculture.



Working environment and LCA

The working environment within the fisheries sector is and has always been below what can be accepted among most other occupations. When comparing with land-based occupations, the risk level with respect to fatalities is considerably higher within both fisheries and fish farming. For the period 1989 to 2000 the average number of fatalities per 10 000 man-labour year was 8,8 in fishing and 9,8 for fish farming (Sunde and Aasjord, 2000), whereas this figure is down on 1,6 for farming and forestry (Aasjord, 2002/a) which is still on the high side. To illustrate this further, it can be noted that the 1999 average accident level for the 6 most exposed land based occupations in Norway was 1,5.


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