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Enhanced incentives for mitigation efforts in the Land Use

Land Use Change and Forestry sector in the next global climate change agreement

image of Enhanced incentives for mitigation efforts in the Land Use

The Nordic Council of Ministers has set up the Nordic COP 15 Group to help achieve a successful outcome in the climate change negotiations at COP 15 in Copenhagen in December 2009. The Nordic COP 15 Group have identified key elements in the negotiations where efforts are needed to ensure a good outcome, i.e. adaptation to climate change, technolo-gy transfer, legal issues, sinks and deforestation. This report explore ways to adjust the current accounting rules on sinks into rules that would create better incen-tives for actively managing lands, in order to decrease the emission of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere and/ or to remove greenhouse gases from the atmosphere. Different proposals for the treatment of the LULUCF-sector (Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry sector) are compared and analysed.

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Options for future reporting and accounting of the LULUCF-sector under the KP

During the spring of 2008, discussions on how the LULUCF-sector should be accounted for were started. Based on the current accounting rules and submissions from Parties, several options were presented by the UNFCCC-secretariat in the report on Analysis of means to reach emission reduction targets and identification of ways to enhance their effectiveness and contribution to sustainable development (FCCC/KP/AWG/ 2008/L.11). Discussions in Bonn and in Accra resulted in four different options or concepts (FCCC/KP/AWG/2008/3). The intention at COP 14 in Poznan was to decide which option, or combination of options, was to be used to account for emissions/ removals from LULUCF. However, the Parties could not come forward in the negotiations and the situation was not changed at all. Therefore, the main options which are also reflected in the latest documents from the UNFCCC (i.e. FCCC/KP/AWG/2009/INF.1) still are

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