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End-of-Waste Criteria for Construction & Demolition Waste

image of End-of-Waste Criteria for Construction & Demolition Waste

This report presents the situation within the Nordic countries with respect to production and recycling of construction and demolition waste, in particular crushed concrete, in the form of aggregates, and discusses the conditions and requirements relating to environmental impacts for a possible application of the End-of-Waste option in the Waste Framework Directive. If this option is applied, the material may become a product and it will no longer be regulated by waste legislation. Regulation of crushed concrete under product legislation presents a number of challenges, particularly with respect to environmental protection. The report presents and proposes a methodology for the setting of leaching and risk-based criteria to be fulfilled by crushed concrete (and other waste aggregates) in order to obtain End-of-Waste status. It is further recommended to set impact-reducing conditions on the use of materials obtaining End-of-Waste criteria, and not to allow free use. It should be noted that the work described in this report was carried out during the period from 2010 to 2012.

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Methodology for development of EoW criteria for C&D waste in the Nordic countries with particular focus on leaching

In this context, the main concern in relation to the possible use of C&D waste aggregates with EoW status is the potential risk that the materials may contain substances that can cause unacceptable impacts on soil, surface water or groundwater and/or on human health. This concern is expressed in condition (d) in Article 6 (1) of the WFD: “The use of the substance or object will not lead to overall adverse environmental or human health impacts” and to the associated condition that “The criteria shall include limit values for pollutants where necessary and shall take into account any possible adverse environmental effects of the substance or object”.

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