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End-of-Waste Criteria for Construction & Demolition Waste

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This report presents the situation within the Nordic countries with respect to production and recycling of construction and demolition waste, in particular crushed concrete, in the form of aggregates, and discusses the conditions and requirements relating to environmental impacts for a possible application of the End-of-Waste option in the Waste Framework Directive. If this option is applied, the material may become a product and it will no longer be regulated by waste legislation. Regulation of crushed concrete under product legislation presents a number of challenges, particularly with respect to environmental protection. The report presents and proposes a methodology for the setting of leaching and risk-based criteria to be fulfilled by crushed concrete (and other waste aggregates) in order to obtain End-of-Waste status. It is further recommended to set impact-reducing conditions on the use of materials obtaining End-of-Waste criteria, and not to allow free use. It should be noted that the work described in this report was carried out during the period from 2010 to 2012.

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Conclusions and recommendations

Waste-derived aggregates, including C&D waste such as crushed concrete, are being considered as possible candidates for development of End-of-Waste criteria at EU level in accordance with Article 6(1) of the EU Waste Framework Directive as a means of increasing the recovery of resources. If and when a waste-derived aggregate achieves EoW status, it will become a (construction) product and hence regulated by the Construction Products Regulation (until 1 July 2013 also the Construction Products Directive) rather than waste legislation which means that in most EU Member States, including the Nordic countries, there will be no applicable environmental protection regulation. The use of recycled waste aggregates for construction purposes are subject to environmental legislation in several EU Member States, but construction products are generally not, except in The Netherlands where environmental protection regulations apply equally to both recycled waste aggregates and virgin aggregates used in construction.

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