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Emissions of mercury, PAHs, dioxins and PCBs related to NFR 3

Solvent and Other Product Use in Nordic countries

image of Emissions of mercury, PAHs, dioxins and PCBs related to NFR 3

PCBs and dioxins are among the most toxic organic chemicals and where the latter is an unwanted bi-product primarily from residential wood burning, fires, municipal waste incineration and steel reclamation, PCBs have been widely used in a number of industrial and commercial products and activities. PAHs have carcinogeni/mutagenic properties and are produced when materials containing carbon and hydrogen are burned. The heavy metal mercury is also one of the most toxic chemicals that is being used today and although there are legally binding instruments in force within the EU and globally, which aim to limit the use and spreading of mercury in the environment it is still found in various consumer and commercial products. The use of these chemicals gives rise to emissions to air. This joint Nordic project contributes to improving the emission inventories for mercury, PAHs, dioxins and PCBs related to the sector Solvents and Other Product Use", which will help the Nordic countries to assess whether they reach the overall environmental objective of clean and healthy surroundings and several targets in the Nordic Environmental Action Programme 2009-2012 and the international air quality conventions such as Convention on Long-Range, Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP). The report is mainly aimed at experts performing the national emission inventories but also policy-makers and the general public may find information on sources to emissions, working procedure of emission inventories and on measures implemented on an international and national level for reducing emissions."

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Activities and product use with mercury, PAH, dioxin and PCB emissions

As shown above some countries already include some sources, i.e. activities and product uses that generate emissions to air of the four pollutants. To obtain a more complete list of the sources a literature survey has been conducted. This will allow an allocation of sources which are relevant to the “Solvent and Product Use” sector but also bring an awareness to other sectors where relevant uses and emissions occur. The literature survey comprise international working groups, EU and OECD directives, national investigations from e.g. US and EU and a brief survey of scientific work that describes and investigates sources to emissions. The gross lists for each of the pollutants thus comprise all possible sources not only to air but also to e.g. water and waste. In Table 2 the lists are cropped down to the fit in the focus of this study.

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