Ecosystem Services

In the Coastal Zone of the Nordic Countries

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People are dependent on the ocean and coasts and their resources for their survival and well-being. Coastal ecosystems of the Nordic countries, such as kelp forests, blue mussel beds, eelgrass meadows and shallow bays and inlets, provide a number of supporting, provisioning, regulating, and cultural ecosystem services to both the local communities as well as the wider population who benefit from them. The study has focused on examining these coastal values through selected examples, and recommend possible applications and relevance for the management of the Nordic coastal areas and their resources. The project has also identified key gaps in the knowledge and suggests where further work should be emphasized.




This report gives an overview of the values related to important ecosystems along the Nordic coasts. Four key systems were selected to be examined for their services. These were kelp forests, eelgrass meadows, blue mussel beds, and shallow bays and inlets. The report is based on the common knowledge and network of researchers across the Nordic countries and is conducted under the leadership of the Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA) in collaboration with the Institute of Marine Research (IMR), GRID-Arendal, NIVA Denmark Water Research, and the Swedish AquaBiota Water Research.


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