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Ecosystem Restoration for Mitigation of Natural Disasters

image of Ecosystem Restoration for Mitigation of Natural Disasters

The Nordic network ERMOND, Ecosystem Resilience for Mitigation of Natural Disasters, reviewed information on natural hazards and ecosystem conditions in the Nordic countries. Many natural hazards put pressure on Nordic societies, primarily floods, landslides, storms, snow avalanches and volcanic activity. Intensified land use and predicted climate change are likely to increase the impacts of natural hazards in the future. Ecosystems in good condition have the ability to reduce the impacts of natural hazards. Our study showed, however, that degradation of natural habitats in the Nordic countries may have reduced or even seriously damaged this ability. Nordic disaster risk reduction policies and strategies should recognize this situation and place restoration of degraded ecosystems on the agenda as an integrated part of future disaster risk reduction management in the Nordic countries.

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Project overview

Various types of natural hazards occur in the Nordic countries. These hazards have primarily been tackled by early warnings before a disaster strikes, emergency relief during and after a disaster occurs, and disaster risk reduction measures to reduce the likelihood of a future disaster. A strategic build-up of ecosystem resilience could, however, serve well as a measure to reduce disaster risk in the Nordic countries. The aim of the ERMOND project was to facilitate new thinking and new solutions in preventing damage and loss of lives due to natural hazards in the Nordic countries, primarily by moving the focus from disaster management toward ecosystem-based preventive actions.

English

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