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Ecosystem Restoration for Mitigation of Natural Disasters

image of Ecosystem Restoration for Mitigation of Natural Disasters

The Nordic network ERMOND, Ecosystem Resilience for Mitigation of Natural Disasters, reviewed information on natural hazards and ecosystem conditions in the Nordic countries. Many natural hazards put pressure on Nordic societies, primarily floods, landslides, storms, snow avalanches and volcanic activity. Intensified land use and predicted climate change are likely to increase the impacts of natural hazards in the future. Ecosystems in good condition have the ability to reduce the impacts of natural hazards. Our study showed, however, that degradation of natural habitats in the Nordic countries may have reduced or even seriously damaged this ability. Nordic disaster risk reduction policies and strategies should recognize this situation and place restoration of degraded ecosystems on the agenda as an integrated part of future disaster risk reduction management in the Nordic countries.

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Building up ecosystem resilience towards specific hazards

The ERMOND network addressed the question: how can we use Eco-DRR to mitigate the impacts of natural hazards in the Nordic countries, through case studies on potential build-up of ecosystem resilience towards following major hazards: (a) floods, (b) wind throw in forests and (c) tephra deposition during volcanic activity. Thesenatural hazards were chosen as they rank among the highest natural hazards in the Nordic countries in terms of the damage they cause (Agustsdóttir et al. in manuscript).These case studies were primarily conducted as desk studies supported by workshops.

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