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Ecosystem Restoration for Mitigation of Natural Disasters

image of Ecosystem Restoration for Mitigation of Natural Disasters

The Nordic network ERMOND, Ecosystem Resilience for Mitigation of Natural Disasters, reviewed information on natural hazards and ecosystem conditions in the Nordic countries. Many natural hazards put pressure on Nordic societies, primarily floods, landslides, storms, snow avalanches and volcanic activity. Intensified land use and predicted climate change are likely to increase the impacts of natural hazards in the future. Ecosystems in good condition have the ability to reduce the impacts of natural hazards. Our study showed, however, that degradation of natural habitats in the Nordic countries may have reduced or even seriously damaged this ability. Nordic disaster risk reduction policies and strategies should recognize this situation and place restoration of degraded ecosystems on the agenda as an integrated part of future disaster risk reduction management in the Nordic countries.

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Acknowledgements

The ERMOND project was launched in 2014 as a subproject of NordBio, the theme project of the Nordic Council of Ministers, appointed by the Icelandic Ministry for the Environment and Natural Resources. The project was financed through the following funding schemes of the Nordic Council of Ministers: NordBio – The Program for Icelandic Presidency in NCM in 2014, The Terrestrial Ecosystem Group (TEG) and The Committee of Senior Officials for the Environment which funded the project NordEcRes, which was linked to the ERMOND project. Co-funding was supplied by the individual participating institutions and the Icelandic Avalanche and Landslide Fund.

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