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Economic policy instruments for plastic waste

A review with Nordic perspectives

image of Economic policy instruments for plastic waste

Achieving a high quality of waste plastic materials and recycling processes is a key challenge in closing the resource loops for plastics. This report reviews the status and trends for plastic waste flows and treatment in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. Furthermore, it gives an overview of existing policy instruments and the main challenges for designing policy instruments for improved recycling of plastic waste in these Nordic countries. The report identifies potential market failures associated with closing the resource loops for plastics. It reviews the economics research literature on policy instrument design for achieving optimal recycling rates and makes policy recommendations from the Nordic perspective. Finally, it presents results from a survey on market conditions to managers in the recycling and plastic manufacturing industry in Sweden.

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Existing Policy Instruments in the four Nordic Countries

This chapter contains an overview of existing policy instruments in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden which have relevance to recycling of plastic waste. The first section starts with a short overview of EU legislation relevant to recycling of waste plastics as this will be a binding framework also for implementing national polices in Nordic EU countries. Denmark, Finland and Sweden are EU Member States and must implement EU legislation. While not a Member State of the EU, Norway must, via the European Economic Area agreement, implement all environmentally related EU Directives. An overview of the green paper of plastic waste by the EU commission as well as an outlook to made EU initiatives affecting plastic waste is also included.

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