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Controlling Emissions from Wood Burning

Legislation and Regulations in Nordic Countries to Control Emissions from Residential Wood Burning An examination of Past Experience

image of Controlling Emissions from Wood Burning

This report has been produced by the International Cryosphere Climate Initiative (ICCI) under a grant from the Nordic Council of Ministers under its Arctic Cooperation Program, as part of a pilot project to reduce emissions of black carbon reaching the Arctic from residential heating from wood burning in Nordic countries. The report reviews legislation and other measures in the Nordic countries pertinent to the reduction of particulate matter (PM2.5) and Black Carbon (BC) –soot. It then assesses the effectiveness of the different policy instruments used in the Nordic countries as well as points to measures which may be most effective in reducing emissions of Black Carbon and PM2.5 from wood burning.

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Trends in Residential Wood Consumption and Emissions of Particulate Matter in the Nordic Countries

Over the past few decades, the use of bio-fuels for domestic heating has steadily increased in the Nordic countries. Rising oil prices as well as greater climate change awareness of wood as a climate-neutral (over the long term) fuel explain much of this general trend. This is building on a long tradition of wood burning in the Nordic countries. There has also been an increase in the aesthetic appeal of wood-burning stoves, where high-design stoves and fireplaces are seen as enhancing the home environment, while providing additional heat. Wood is not exclusively burned for heating purposes: fireplaces and wood stoves also serve a social function in Nordic countries, by providing for a gathering point for family and friends.

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