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Controlling Emissions from Wood Burning

Legislation and Regulations in Nordic Countries to Control Emissions from Residential Wood Burning An examination of Past Experience

image of Controlling Emissions from Wood Burning

This report has been produced by the International Cryosphere Climate Initiative (ICCI) under a grant from the Nordic Council of Ministers under its Arctic Cooperation Program, as part of a pilot project to reduce emissions of black carbon reaching the Arctic from residential heating from wood burning in Nordic countries. The report reviews legislation and other measures in the Nordic countries pertinent to the reduction of particulate matter (PM2.5) and Black Carbon (BC) –soot. It then assesses the effectiveness of the different policy instruments used in the Nordic countries as well as points to measures which may be most effective in reducing emissions of Black Carbon and PM2.5 from wood burning.

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Formation of Soot – Black Carbon

This report focus on the emissions of soot (Black Carbon) from wood burning. Problems with emissions from wood burning are however not new. They arise primarily because of a combination of the use inappropriate technology for wood burning and the fact that people do not manage their fires correctly. A number of measures have been taken in the Nordic countries in order to prevent air pollution from wood burning. These measures have not been focused on emissions of black carbon, but rather on local and regional health impacts. However, reducing emissions of Black Carbon will also reduce overall emissions of particulate matter.

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