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Controlling Emissions from Wood Burning

Legislation and Regulations in Nordic Countries to Control Emissions from Residential Wood Burning An examination of Past Experience

image of Controlling Emissions from Wood Burning

This report has been produced by the International Cryosphere Climate Initiative (ICCI) under a grant from the Nordic Council of Ministers under its Arctic Cooperation Program, as part of a pilot project to reduce emissions of black carbon reaching the Arctic from residential heating from wood burning in Nordic countries. The report reviews legislation and other measures in the Nordic countries pertinent to the reduction of particulate matter (PM2.5) and Black Carbon (BC) –soot. It then assesses the effectiveness of the different policy instruments used in the Nordic countries as well as points to measures which may be most effective in reducing emissions of Black Carbon and PM2.5 from wood burning.

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Conclusions and Recommendations for Future Work

The implications for the findings in the previous chapters for future Nordic national and joint work are summarized below. Even if the purpose of this report is not to formulate or propose regulations or legislation pertinent to black carbon, past experience, and the special character of black carbon makes it possible to indicate potential useful ways forward. These comprise two main and basic challenges: first, new and better low black carbon emitting stoves and boilers must be developed, tested and viably put on the market. Second, old inefficient stoves must be phased out. Both of these must be addressed in the future.

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