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Controlling Emissions from Wood Burning

Legislation and Regulations in Nordic Countries to Control Emissions from Residential Wood Burning An examination of Past Experience

image of Controlling Emissions from Wood Burning

This report has been produced by the International Cryosphere Climate Initiative (ICCI) under a grant from the Nordic Council of Ministers under its Arctic Cooperation Program, as part of a pilot project to reduce emissions of black carbon reaching the Arctic from residential heating from wood burning in Nordic countries. The report reviews legislation and other measures in the Nordic countries pertinent to the reduction of particulate matter (PM2.5) and Black Carbon (BC) –soot. It then assesses the effectiveness of the different policy instruments used in the Nordic countries as well as points to measures which may be most effective in reducing emissions of Black Carbon and PM2.5 from wood burning.

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Assessing the Impact of Policies and Measures

Thus far, no comprehensive effort has been made to weigh the relative efficacy of various policies and measures aimed at reducing woodburning emissions. The following pages offer a preliminary overview of where mitigation efforts have had a relevant impact on particle pollution especially, and where they have fallen short. These have future relevance then for which approaches might prove most successful for achieving reductions in emissions of black carbon as well. The discussion notes that serious inconsistencies between the measurement methods and emission factors used by Nordic countries present a current obstacle to make comparisons among the various and even similar approaches to reduce emissions in the Nordic countries.

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