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Control mechanisms for Nordic ship emissions

image of Control mechanisms for Nordic ship emissions

Shipping today operates under a complex set of international and domestic regulations. However, the environmental regulations have lagged behind those of other industries. This situation is now changing quite dramatically. The increased focus on environmental issues, combined with the growing realisation of the actual pollution burden imposed by shipping, has led to an upsurge in both international and national regulations. Some are ready and will enter into force in the near future, while others are still being developed. On behalf of the Nordic Council of Ministers DNV has carried out a study on possible control mechanisms for Nordic ship emission. The aim is to assess the baseline shipping emissions and reduction potential and the possible controlling mechanisms (both incentives and regulations) available for reducing the emissions to air from shipping within the Nordic region.

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Main regulatory regimes

Modern shipping operates under a complex set of international and domestic regulations. Traditionally, the leaps in regulations have been eventdriven, and in some cases even driven by events outside the sector. Well known examples are the Titanic disaster, which ultimately led to the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) Convention, the Exxon Valdez oil spill, which resulted in the Oil Pollution Act (OPA 90), and the 9/11 attack, which resulted in the International Ship and Port Facility Security (ISPS) Code. However, the environmental regulations have generally lagged behind those of other industries. This situation is now changing. The increased focus on both global and local environmental issues in general, combined with the growing realisation of the actual pollution burden imposed by shipping, has led to an upsurge in both international and national regulations. Some are ready and will enter into force in the very near future, while others are still being developed and will have an impact only in the intermediate term, [Ref /5/].

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