Clean Nordic Oceans Main Report – A Network to Reduce Marine Litter and Ghost Fishing

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Clean Nordic Oceans was established as a network to exchange knowledge and experience of methods and measures that can reduce the risk of ghost fishing and marine litter, and increase proper disposal and recycling of commercial and recreational fishing gear. All Nordic countries have participated in the network. Through a dedicated website (www.cnogear.org), workshops, seminars, conferences, films and social media, this project has helped to establish contacts both inside and outside the Nordic region, which can help reduce the challenges of marine litter from fishing activities. Among the numerous important findings that have been made over the course of the project, the report points out that fishermen in all the Nordic countries lack sufficient awareness of how they can and should contribute to a cleaner ocean. The report proposes a number of possible measures. Some of the measures may be suitable for all countries, but in general, there is no “one size fits all” solution.




The challenges of recycling, ghost fishing and marine litter from fishing activities are very complex and characterised by greater geographical and oceanographic differences. In addition, there are differences between fleet segments, fishing gear and fishermen in the different countries. Although the overall goal must be to stop all loss and dumping of marine litter from the fishing industry, there are many indications that it will be very challenging, if at all possible. It is important, therefore, to work along several lines, and in this report we have chosen to divide these areas into general measures, measures at sea and measures on land. We start with general measures and continue with key measures at sea and on land.


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