Circular Economy in the Nordic Construction Sector

Identification and Assessment of Potential Policy Instruments that can Accelerate a Transition Toward a Circular Economy

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Potential policy instruments that can accelerate a transition toward a circular economy in the Nordic construction sector, including demolition of buildings, are discussed and assessed. Sixteen interviews were carried out with actors representing stakeholders from Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. Implementation of the 32 policy instruments that the 16 interviewees suggest is expected to speed up the transition toward a circular economy. But the implementation of the policy instruments can be complicated and the implementation process needs to address a number of barriers that may hinder a reduction in the use of resources, greenhouse gas emissions and a full growth in gross profit.




In Denmark, the construction sector generates almost 36% of the 11.3 Mtonnes of yearly waste. In Sweden, the sector accounts for approximately 30% of the total 27 Mtonne yearly waste and is by far the largest waste source. In Norway 6 and Finland, 7 the picture is the same; the construction sector accounts for a significant part of the generated waste. In this report the demolition of buildings are included in the term “construction sector”.


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