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Biodiversity and Economic Modelling

Links, Challenges and Possible Ways Out

image of Biodiversity and Economic Modelling

Is it posible linking biodiversity to macro economic models, thereby increasing our understanding of how economic activities affect biodiversity – et vice versa? It is the key question that this report aims at answering on the basis of existing statistics, indicators and models in the Scandinavian countries. The economic sectors identified as relevant for biodiversity are: agriculture; forestry; fishery; tourism; transport; and energy (especially, hydropower). The main pressure types analysed include: habitat loss and degradation; climate change; excessive nutrient load and other forms of pollution; over-exploitation and unsustainable use; and invasive alien species.A set of recommendations for further work are made focusing on impacts of economic activities on biodiversity.

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Preface

While many other environmental problems, particularly energy use and air pollution, have been analysed through integration with and links to macro-economic models in the Nordic countries, this has proved much more difficult for biological diversity. Thus, to what extent such models can be used to describe the drivers and threats to changes in biodiversity diversity are therefore not evident.

English

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