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Biodiversity and Economic Modelling

Links, Challenges and Possible Ways Out

image of Biodiversity and Economic Modelling

Is it posible linking biodiversity to macro economic models, thereby increasing our understanding of how economic activities affect biodiversity – et vice versa? It is the key question that this report aims at answering on the basis of existing statistics, indicators and models in the Scandinavian countries. The economic sectors identified as relevant for biodiversity are: agriculture; forestry; fishery; tourism; transport; and energy (especially, hydropower). The main pressure types analysed include: habitat loss and degradation; climate change; excessive nutrient load and other forms of pollution; over-exploitation and unsustainable use; and invasive alien species.A set of recommendations for further work are made focusing on impacts of economic activities on biodiversity.

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Possible ways for linking biodiversity indicators with economic models

This chapter presents the feasibility analysis of linking macro-economic indicators and biodiversity indicators. The previous chapter described the availability of biodiversity and macro-economic indicators. Recalling that the objective of this study is to assess the feasibility of establishing: i) links between macro-economic indicators and biodiversity indicators; and ii) links between biodiversity indicators and macro-economic indicators, with emphasis on the former link.

English

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