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Best Available Techniques (BAT) in solid biomass fuel processing, handling, storage and production of pellets from biomass

image of Best Available Techniques (BAT) in solid biomass fuel processing, handling, storage and production of pellets from biomass

With the increasing use of biomass fuels the varieties of sources for biomass have expanded to almost all possible combustible matter with biological origin. The increasing scale in solid biomass fuel production and utilization at the combustion plants of the wide variety of biomass fuels have contributed to littering, dust, odor and noise emissions of the production chain. The report aims to provide information for operators, environmental consultants and competent environmental authorities on what is considered BAT, as defined in the IPPC directive (2008/1/EC), in biomass processing and handling as well as the production of pellets from biomass. The project gives a brief description of commonly used solid biomass fuels and the processes, handling and storage of these biomasses in the Nordic countries covering processes from production site to the point of use. Environmental emissions, sources of waste and other relevant environmental aspects from commonly used processes, included raw material and energy use, chemical use and emissions to soil are also included in the report.

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Summary

The demand for solid biomass for energy purpose has increased strongly the recent decades, and there is no sign of recession neither in the Nordic countries nor Europe. When EU presented The Climate Change action plan to reduce the need from fossil fuels biomass was an obvious candidate to take a bigger part in the renewed energy mix. From being kind of a by-product from the local forest industry, even hard to get rid of in some cases, the solid biomass now is a spectrum of well paid products worth to be shipped long distances. Energy forest and cultivated biomass are products developed just for energy purpose; stumps, tops and branches are now worth to collect in the forest, to be fuels in the energy balance.

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