Barriers for utilisation of biowaste

Analysis of Institutional barriers for using Biowaste as a resource

image of Barriers for utilisation of biowaste

There is an increased focus on ensuring optimal use of the resources of the planet. However experience shows that legislation can hinder the use of the resources from waste. This report examines the unintended consequences that legislation, enforcement and other formal institutions can have on utilization of biowaste as a resource.

The project consists of three main elements:

1) Desk research

2) Qualitative phone interviews with relevant actors in Norway, Sweden, Denmark and Finland.

3) Solution dialogues with authorities.

The barriers to better utilisation of biowaste are diffuse, and the solutions complex. A mixture of changes in regulation, better cooperation and coordination between regulative bodies, and better guidance and information sharing between national- and municipal authorities and the business community would together reduce the barriers for utilisation of biowaste.




A precondition for a more circular economy is a more efficient use of resources and the utilisation of waste as a resource. However, the existing regulation of waste does not always promote this as its primary aim is to ensure safe waste handling. In order to improve a better utilisation of waste as a resource a first step is to get a better understanding of the barriers that hinders the utilisation of waste as a resource.


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