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Baltic Energy Technology Scenarios 2018

image of Baltic Energy Technology Scenarios 2018

Baltic Energy Technology Scenarios 2018 (BENTE) is a scenario-based energy system analysis that explores the changes in the Baltic countries’ energy systems. What are the drivers and their impacts in the following decades? What would be required for the Baltic countries to meet their climate and energy targets in 2030, and what development would lead the Baltics towards a 2°C pathway? The report finds that the Baltic countries’ proposed renewable energy (RE) targets can be achieved using domestic resources. More renewable energy (electricity, heat and fuels) lets energy demanding sectors reduce GHG emissions and increase the RE share. However, the Baltic countries still do not reach their Effort Sharing Sector’s 2030 targets in the 4°C Scenario (4DS). Without policies to stimulate local renewable energy generation, the Baltics are likely to become large net importers of electricity.

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Energy system modelling in Lithuania

Laboratory experts in energy systems research from the Lithuanian Energy institute (LEI) were recently involved in preparing the National Energy Independence Strategy draft, which defines the main provisions of the State in developing the energy sector until 2030 and presents guidelines until 2050. Prospective development directions of the Lithuanian energy sector and scenarios of rational energy sector development in the long-term perspective were justified by the analysis of the results of the mathematical modelling. Very important factors influencing the development and security of the national energy sector were chosen to prepare scenarios that differ in terms of the required installed capacity of power plants or local electricity production level, volumes of imported electricity and shares of renewable energy resources in the country’s energy balance. After the analysis of the obtained results, the main rational and stable technological solutions for the energy sector were identified [1–2].

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