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Baltic Energy Technology Scenarios 2018

image of Baltic Energy Technology Scenarios 2018

Baltic Energy Technology Scenarios 2018 (BENTE) is a scenario-based energy system analysis that explores the changes in the Baltic countries’ energy systems. What are the drivers and their impacts in the following decades? What would be required for the Baltic countries to meet their climate and energy targets in 2030, and what development would lead the Baltics towards a 2°C pathway? The report finds that the Baltic countries’ proposed renewable energy (RE) targets can be achieved using domestic resources. More renewable energy (electricity, heat and fuels) lets energy demanding sectors reduce GHG emissions and increase the RE share. However, the Baltic countries still do not reach their Effort Sharing Sector’s 2030 targets in the 4°C Scenario (4DS). Without policies to stimulate local renewable energy generation, the Baltics are likely to become large net importers of electricity.

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Energy system modelling in Estonia

Various models and methodologies have been used over the years to facilitate long-term energy system planning in Estonia. Complete energy sector models, such as LEAP and MARKAL, have sometimes been utilised. In other cases, rudimentary models or specific analyses have been used for single-sector studies before being combined (where applicable) into a holistic energy sector analysis. Balmorel has been a popular model for electricity and district heating sector analysis, especially in the recent years.

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