Assessment and Review under a 2015 Climate Change Agreement

image of Assessment and Review under a 2015 Climate Change Agreement

In 2013, Parties to the UNFCCC were invited to prepare and communicate their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) under a 2015 agreement. Assessment and review of INDCs can help to ensure that these contributions are in line with internationally agreed objectives and principles, help establish and enhance transparency, trust and accountability between Parties, and raise ambition over time. This report analyses the existing review processes both under and outside the UNFCCC. It suggests that some form of ex ante assessment and review process of INDCs could help ensure that they are ambitious and fair. Such process can be complemented by assessments by observer organizations and informal discussions among Parties. In addition, a periodic review of collective ambition is desirable from the perspective of environmental effectiveness, and can build on existing review processes.



Lessons from existing review processes under the UNFCCC

This chapter provides an overview of lessons that can be learned from existing review processes under the UNFCCC. This discussion is important for two reasons. First, just like regimes are rarely constructed on a blank slate and continuously evolve (Depledge and Yamin, 2009), A&R under a 2015 agreement is likely to build (for reasons of both feasibility and practicality) on existing review processes. Second, existing review process may offer important lessons on the practicality of options for A&R under a 2015 agreement.


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