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Assessment and Review under a 2015 Climate Change Agreement

image of Assessment and Review under a 2015 Climate Change Agreement

In 2013, Parties to the UNFCCC were invited to prepare and communicate their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) under a 2015 agreement. Assessment and review of INDCs can help to ensure that these contributions are in line with internationally agreed objectives and principles, help establish and enhance transparency, trust and accountability between Parties, and raise ambition over time. This report analyses the existing review processes both under and outside the UNFCCC. It suggests that some form of ex ante assessment and review process of INDCs could help ensure that they are ambitious and fair. Such process can be complemented by assessments by observer organizations and informal discussions among Parties. In addition, a periodic review of collective ambition is desirable from the perspective of environmental effectiveness, and can build on existing review processes.

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Conclusions and recommendations

This report has sought to identify a wide range of options for designing and organizing assessment and review of nationally determined contributions under a 2015 agreement. A&R can help identify whether the international community is on track to meet collectively agreed goals, whether existing contributions are adequate, and whether progress is being made with implementation. Assessment and review can further help show whether countries’ individual contributions are fair and equitable, and support trust-building between Parties by showing what information lies underneath Parties’ pledges. Finally, by sharing this information widely, Parties – individually and as a group – can be held to account by domestic and international stakeholders.

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