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Aspects of strategic climate work in Nordic municipalities

NordLead Project Final Report

image of Aspects of strategic climate work in Nordic municipalities

Nordic municipalities can have a significant impact on creating a more climate-friendly Nordic region. This study gathers valuable information about climate change management in Nordic municipalities and gives a general view to the local climate work in Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden. The study aims at recognising the success factors and needs for support in Nordic local climate change work. It is based on a web survey conducted between October 2011 and February 2012, with an overall response rate of 37 %. The study shows that Nordic municipalities are actively working for climate change mitigation and adaptation. Commonalities in the success factors and challenges are found in the study, however, there is no “one size fits all” solution, because the countries differ in many respects – the national framework conditions being the most crucial difference.

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Comparison between countries

One of the main tasks of the survey is to identify factors that have a major role in leading the municipalities to develop climate change responses. As seen from the survey results, there are big differences in how municipalities in different Nordic countries work with climate change issues. In Iceland, 11% of municipalities have a climate strategy or they are preparing one. In Finland, the proportion is 34%, in Sweden 81% and in Norway 99%. Mostly, these strategies are focused on climate change mitigation or a combination of mitigation and adaptation to climate change.

English

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