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Access and rights to forest genetic resources in the Nordic region

Current situation and future perspectives

image of Access and rights to forest genetic resources in the Nordic region

Continued flexible exchange of forest genetic resources (FGR) in the Nordic region is important for sustainable forest management and for climate change adaptation and mitigation. For this reason, a high level political initiative identified a need to clarify the legal status of FGR in the Nordic region. In this report we summarise the results of a Nordic project intended to approach this issue, on the background that plant genetic resources is being increasingly subjected to private property rights. The aim of this work is to give recommendations for politicians and decision makers.

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What about the future?

The Nagoya Protocol (2010) is an international agreement to implement the legally binding regulation of access and benefit sharing of the CBD. Thus, the Nagoya Protocol is a supplement to the Bonn guidelines (2002) which are not legally binding. Even though FGR has not been a central topic in the debates, there are no particular rules that would exempt forest tree genetic resources from the scope of the Nagoya Protocol. The Protocol was initially intended to dealing mainly with legislation in user countries, but it covers both rules on access and on benefit sharing.

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